Subject Matter of Experiments and Observations of Water Animals in School Aquarium XV (Mollusks, Bivalvia)

Lubomír Hanel


volume: 31
year: 2022
issue: 4
fulltext: PDF

online publishing date: 2/3/2023
DOI: 10.14712/25337556.2022.4.4
ISSN (Online): 2533-7556

Licence Creative Commons
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Bivalvia is a class of marine and freshwater mollusks that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts. The majority are filter feeders. The gills have evolved into ctenidia, specialized organs for feeding and breathing. Most bivalves bury themselves in sediment, where they are relatively safe from predation. The shell of a bivalve is composed of calcium carbonate, and consists of two, usually similar, parts called valves. These are joined together along one edge (the hinge line) by a flexible ligament that, usually in conjunction with interlocking «teeth» on each of the valves, forms the hinge. This arrangement allows the shell to be opened and closed without the two halves detaching. The shell is typically bilaterally symmetrical, with the hinge lying in the sagittal plane. Bivalves have long been a part of the diet of coastal and riparian human populations. Oysters were cultured in ponds by the Romans, and mariculture has more recently become an important source of bivalves for food. Pearl oysters (the common name of two very different families in salt water and fresh water) are the most common source of natural pearls. The shells of bivalves are used in craftwork, and the manufacture of jewelry and buttons. Bivalves have also been used in the biocontrol of pollution. In this contribution, information about the rearing of certain species in aquaria are presented, and some observations and experiments in school aquaria are noted.


school aquarium, rearing, Bivalvia, observations, experiments

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