Horse-chestnut at school – reproductive organs

Petr Novotný, Vanda Janštová


volume: 28
year: 2019
issue: 3
fulltext: PDF

online publishing date: 30/9/2019
DOI: 10.14712/25337556.2019.3.1
ISSN (Online): 2533-7556

Licence Creative Commons
Toto dílo podléhá licenci Creative Commons Uveďte původ 4.0 Mezinárodní License.


This paper is dedicated to horse chesnut as a suitable model organism for teaching botany at all levels of our schools. Horse chestnut is literally predisposed to didacticisation in botany teaching due to its general distribution, large and conspicuous organs; we are basically sure that pupils really know it. The paper focuses mainly on the morphological and anatomical characters that can be demonstrated during teaching biology; topics that are conspicuously or typically developed – firstly its origin (geographic and etymological), later it is devoted to vegetative and finally reproductive organs. The parasite horse-chestnut leaf miner is also discussed. It provides a description of all aspects and broader contexts that can be beneficial in school teaching; this paper does not attempt to present this information in the form of a project proposal or comprehensive activities, rather it should inspire and encourage laboratory and field work in biology classes in common ways – we believe that teachers will choose activities that are appropriate for their teaching. In addition to botanical content, the paper also links to the teaching of microbiology or chemistry to facilitate the use of interdisciplinary topics both in biology and in the natural sciences. The paper is divided in two following up parts; this is the second part that focuses on reproductive organs.


Model organism, anatomy, morphology, plants, field excursion, Aesculus hippocastanum, botany instruction, experiment

fulltext (PDF )



Benedix, E. H., Fukarek, F., & Danert, S. (1973). Urania Pflanzenreich in 3 Bänden. Bd. 3: Höhere Pflanzen. Leipzig: Urania.

Calic, D., & Radojevic, L. (2017). Horse chestnut pollen quality. Genetika, 49(1), 105–115.

Durka, W. (2002). Blüten-und Reproduktionsbiologie. BIOLFLOR – eine Datenbank zu biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen der Gefässpflanzen in Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde, 38, 133–175.

Horáček, P. (2007). Encyklopedie listnatých stromů a keřů (Vyd. 1). Brno: Computer Press.

Horáková, I. (1993). Morfologicko-ekologická studie květenství a květu druhu Aesculus hippocastanum L. (Diplomová práce). Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Praha.

Chwil, M., Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., Sulborska, A., & Michonska, M. (2013). Micromorphology of trichomes in the flowers of the horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum L. Acta Agrobotanica, 66(4).

Jakub, J. (2018). SBĚR KAŠTANŮ A ŽALUDŮ | Oficiální webové stránky NP České Švýcarsko a CHKO Labské pískovce. Získáno 8. říjen 2018, z

Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W., & Briemle, G. (2002). BIOLFLOR: Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland (Roč. 38). Bundesamt für Naturschutz Bonn.

Krahulcová, A., Trávníček, P., Krahulec, F., & Rejmánek, M. (2017). Small genomes and large seeds: chromosome numbers, genome size and seed mass in diploid Aesculus species (Sapindaceae). Annals of Botany, 119(6), 957–964.

Lunau, K. (1996). Unidirectionality of floral colour changes. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 200(1–2), 125–140.

Macior, L. W. (1978). Pollination Ecology of Vernal Angiosperms. Oikos, 30(3), 452–460.

McMillan Browse, P. (1982). Propagation of the Hardy Horse Chestnuts and Buckeyes. The Plantsman, (4), 150–164.

Missouri Botanical Garden. (2015). Aesculus hippocastanum „Baumannii" – Plant Finder. Získáno 14. září 2018, z

Nefronus. (2018a). English: floral diagram of Aesculus hippocastanum. Získáno z

Nefronus. (2018b). English: stamens in the flower of Aesculus hippocastanum: left – young, right – older flower. Získáno z

Percival, M. S. (1955). The presentation of pollen in certain angoi-sperms and its collection by Apis mellifera. New Phytologist, 54(3), 353–368.

Radojevic, L., Marinkovic, N., & Jervremovic, S. (2000). Influence of the sex of flowers on androgenesis in Aesculus hippocastanum L. anther culture. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 36(6), 464–469.

Reddi, C. S., & Bai, G. M. (1984). Butterflies and pollination biology. Proceedings: Animal Sciences, 93(4), 391–396.

Rizzi‐Longo, L., Pizzulin‐Sauli, M., Stravisi, F., & Ganis, P. (2007). Airborne pollen calendar for Trieste (Italy), 1990–2004. Grana, 46(2), 98–109.

Ronse De Craene, L. P. (2010). Floral diagrams: an aid to understanding flower morphology and evolution (1st publ.). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Skalická, A. (1997). Květena ČR, díl 5. (B. Slavík, Ed.). Praha: Academia.

Slavíková, Z., & Svobodová, D. (1976). Stavba květu a průběh kvetení u jírovce obecného – Aesculus hippocastanum L. Živa, 24(3), 93–94.

van der Pijl, L. (1957). On the arilloids of Nephelium, Euphoria, Litchi and Aesculus, and the seeds of Sapindaceae in general. Acta botanica neerlandica, 6(5), 618–641.

Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., & Chwil, M. (2017). Structure of floral nectaries in Aesculus hippocastanum L. Acta Botanica Croatica, 76(1), 41–48.

Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., Tietze, M., & Michonska, M. (2012). Ecological features of the flowers of Aesculus hippocastanum L. and characteristics of Aesculus L. pollen seasons under the conditions of central-eastern Poland. Acta agrobotanica, 65(4).

Wright, D. (1985). Aesculus in the Garden. The Plantsman, (6), 228–247. (2018). Pladias. Databáze české flóry a vegetace. Získáno z

We use cookies to analyse our traffic. More information